PASTOPRAXIS aims to know pastoralists' adaptive responses to climate change in Montesinho Natural Park (Portugal).

Pastoralist communities have been exposed to a continued increase of drought and wildfires that change the Montesinho landscape and threaten their economic viability and cultural existence. Changes in land use and vegetation cover disturb the traditional sheep and goats' daily grazing routes, requiring additional efforts by shepherds to connect patches to ensure forage continuity. Therefore, landscape change perception by pastoralists is critical in decision making to manage flocks, combining cultural, economic, and environmental issues. It is decisive to maintain and reinforce the local economy, food security, and community identity.

Based on challenging environments, the adaptations to uncertainty built the history of pastoralism. The climate change threat in Montesinho is the PASTOPRAXIS challenge to uncover and systematize these local adaptive responses. Based on an interdisciplinary team composed of natural science researchers and anthropologists, PASTOPRAXIS stresses the local adaptive responses resulting from climate's biophysical evolution and dwellers' socio-cultural perceptions.

Ultimately, PASTOPRAXIS seeks to enhance the knowledge to improve scientific, institutional, and practitioners' responses to climate change in Mediterranean mountain areas through the production of operational knowledge and tools to be mainstreamed into practical response plans.

This project is nationally funded by the FCT, Foundation for Science and Technology, through the grant for the promotion of R&D activities in the National Park of Montesinho.


Montesinho Natural Park
Municipalities of Bragança and Vinhais


Marina Castro - Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança (Lead Researcher)

Amélia Frazão-Moreira - CRIA - Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antrologia, NOVA FCSH (Associate lead researcher)

José Castro - Instituto Politécnico de Bragança

João Paulo Castro - Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança


ACOB - Associação Nacional de Criadores de Ovinos da Raça Churra Galega Bragançana

ANCRAS - Associação Nacional de Caprinicultores de Raça Serrana

ICNF - Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas

Organização de Produtores Pecuários do Concelho de Vinhais

Organização de Produtores Pecuários do Concelho de Bragança

Observatório de Montesinho


[PAPER] Changes on the climatic edge: adaptation of and challenges to pastoralism in montesinho. Mountain Research and Development.

News Feed


Extreme drought affects the availability and quality of pasture (Palacios).


The summer itineraries have started. It was the opportunity to experience night shifts.


Animals well adapted to GPS collars.


The spring walking ethnography has ended. The main concern in our dialogues was the absence of winter and snow that has been compromising water springs and pastures.


Spring walking ethnography is on track! Itineraries become moments of sharing on climate change perception and shepherds' responses.


GPS collars installed! Grazing itineraries are now tracked.


Final decision on participating flocks in a meeting with project partners.


GPS coordinates:

  • latitude: 41° 47' 52.5876'' N
  • longitude: 6° 45' 55.692'' W


  • phone: 273 303345
  • e-mail: